Grammar Portfolio

This blog was created for my English 2010 class.  There were some grammar requirements for this class.  Below I have listed some of the grammar required to add into our blog.  I have also listed sentences that can be found throughout my blog.

 

Semicolons {;}

Semicolons allow separate clauses to complement each other, like milk complements an Oreo.  Oreos are good by themselves, but are even better when dunked in milk.

Wishing we had brought walking sticks with us; we didn’t know how much further we could go.  (From my memoir page)

One of my hobbies is to go hiking.  The Wasatch front has several hiking trails that are very close to the city; most people can be at the trail head within minutes of leaving their house.  (From my about page)

Comma {,}

 

The combination of a comma and a coordinating conjunction is like the cheese is a grilled cheese sandwich.  It separates the two slices of bread while providing a great tasting transition from one to the other.

Commas are used when a pause is desired to allow the reader time to consider the meaning of the independent clause before moving on to the dependent one.

I would also recommend taking plenty of snacks, walking sticks, and a pair of good stiff boots.  (From my memoir page)

Comma Splice 

Comma Splices joins two independent clauses like a semicolon does, but the transition is more subtle.

Many popular hiking and biking trails across Utah are being closed, crazy right? ( From my third blog post)

 

Parentheses {()}

 

Parentheses are like that voice in the back of your mind.  Most the time you ignore it, but sometimes it’s a good idea to take the extra time to pay attention to what it has to say.

Em Dashes {}

An em dash is like a scenic detour—when you take it you get to see additional scenery that is not on the primary route.

As we worked our way up the trail we expected it to level out again, because there was no way it could be that steep all the way – right?  (From my memoir page)

On this hike you will get the opportunity to see a lot of wild life—squirrels, rabbits, and birds—running around.  (From my First blog post)

 

Apostrophe {‘}

 

An apostrophe is used when you want to show possession of something.  Like when you lick an Oreo, so everyone knows it’s yours.  The use is slightly different depending on whether the possession is singular or plural.  When you want to show possession of a singular noun you would use‘s.  When you want to show possession of plural nouns you would use s’

Parenthetical Elements {,,}

Parenthetical elements are like going over the top of a good rollercoaster.  It’s not as boring as the trip up, and it’s less intense than the upside down loops.

Inside the pack you would carry additional clothing, a small tent, a sleeping bag and rubber air mattress, a camp stove, fuel, dishes, utensils, food, and water.  (From my Report Page)

Brackets {[]}

Brackets are used when someone doesn’t provide enough information and you need to step in and add additional clarification or information.

The old backpacks used very rigid aluminum rod frames with nylon packs attached to the outside of them
[ for support].  (From my report page)

Ellipsis {…}

 

Using ellipsis in the middle of a quotation allows the reader to skim through the quote without actually having to skim through it.  Using ellipsis at the end of a thought allows the reader finish the point you started to make.

According to the Salt Lake Tribune, an average of 10,000 people visit Zion’s national park every day, 10,000 people visit Zion’s National Park every day . . . generating roughly $50,000 each day. (From my Report Page)

Commas with a Series {,,,}

Commas are used to make your sentences more organized, like a simple list.  Semicolons are used to add more detail or information to the list.

Living in Utah is very nice.  We get to experience all four seasons winter, spring, summer, fall, which is my favorite time of year to go hiking.  (From my Second blog post)

One type uses a filter that is capable of filtering out small particles, protozoa and bacteria such as Guardia, Salmonella, and Cryptosporidium.  (From my Report Page)

 

Capital letters: {ABC}

A capital letter should always be used at the beginning of a sentence, a name, and the first letter in a title or subtitle, but don’t capitalize conjunctions (and, but), articles (a, an, the), and prepositions (in, on, over).  Relationships are often not capitalized.  It is important to capitalize letters when necessary.   (From my Instruction Page)

How to Plan for a Hiking Trip 101

Fragments:

A fragment can be used to describe something even though it doesn’t contain a subject and can’t stand by itself.  (From my Fourth Blog post)

On Wednesday October 13, 2013 a 20 year old Salt Lake women fell to her death on her way back down Bridal Veil Falls.  So sad.

Hyphens: {-}

Connecting hyphens are used to clarify terms that could possibly have two different meanings.  (From my Position Page)

Recently in Colorado twenty-four storage tanks containing a total of 22,000 gallons of gas and oil toppled over and spilled into Colorado’s South Platte River valley

Numbers: {123, one two three}

When deciding when to write out a number or use digit numbers depends on the writing style.  Follow these simple rules: Write out a number if you start a sentence with a number and when writing simple numbers 0-9.  Uses digit numbers when writing a report or saving space.  (From my Position paper)

On December 19, 2008 Tim DeChristopher raised public awareness to the methods used by the Bush administration and Bureau of Land Management (BLM) to quietly auction off nearly 400,000 acres of red-rock wilderness land near Arches and Canyonlands national parks, and Dinosaur National Monument, without consulting with the National Parks Service or considering public opinion.

Italics and underlining:

Words that are italicized or slanted are like the class clown.  They feel like they need to stand out and get more attention.  (From my Position Page)

“Article.” Renewable Energy Sources in the United States. The National Atlas of the United States of America, 14 Jan. 2013. Web. 23 Nov. 2013.

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